Julien Offroy de La Mettrie, (born Dec. 25, , Saint-Malo, Fr.—died Nov. 11, , Berlin), French physician and philosopher whose. Julien Offray de La Mettrie, the French physician and philosopher, was born in Saint-Malo, Brittany. After attending the Collège d’Harcourt, he studied medicine . La Mettrie, Julien Offray De(b. Saint-Malo, France, 19 December ; d.

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While carrying on a successful medical practice in Leiden, he published in Paris a treatise on smallpox, his Practical Medicineand six volumes of commentary on the physiology of Boerhaave.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Establishing a natural continuity from the external world through the sensory apparatus to the brain itself, La Mettrie identified the soul with mmettrie physically conditioned process in a way that allowed him to explain the various faculties of the soul, such as memory, reflection, imagination, the emotions, judgment, volition, solely in terms of their related organic causes.

Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Best general treatment of La Mettrie’s philosophy. At 15 he lffray an apologetic work on Jansenism.

His collected works, Oeuvres philosophiqueswere published inand selections were edited by Marcelle Tisserand in As a result, he developed a gastric illness of some sort. Toward the end ofhowever, he left abruptly for Paris and soon thereafter embarked on the adventurous and harried career that offra until his death. He wrote with polemical zest, his points corroborated by physiological evidence and medical case studies, and addressed to issues of public health.

His main emphasis however was on strong continuity, the idea that the psychology and behavior between humans and animals was not all that different. He believed that humans and animals were only different in regards to the complexity that matter was organized. Seen in historical perspective, such a position may be described as the final outcome both of the iatromechanistic tradition that had reached La Mettrie through Boerhaave and of the Cartesian automatist biology that had filtered offraj to him through numerious intermediaries who had already sought, in varying degrees, to extend its beastmachine concept to the study of human behavior.


It was in iffray years, during an attack of feverthat he made observations on himself with reference to the action of quickened blood circulation upon thought, which led him to the conclusion that mental processes were to be accounted for as the effects of organic changes in the offraay and nervous system. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of He was astute enough to grasp, in relation to the man-machine idea, the theoretical value of the discoveries that Heller had just metteie concerning the irritable properties of muscle tissue.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Materialism and Society in the Mid-Eighteenth Century: After ofdray studies at D’Harcourt, La Mettrie decided to take up the profession of medicine. He further expressed his radical beliefs by asserting himself as a determinist, dismissing the use of judges.

His beliefs about ed and animals were based on two types of continuity. It is regrettable that the Boerhaavian methodology did not play a more noticeable role in the four treatises, long since forgotten, that La Mettrie wrote on venereal disease, vertigo, dysentery, and asthma.

Julien Offray de la Mettrie ().

Medicine also gave La Mettrie his distinctive philosophical style. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. But his description of the “evolutionary” process, in which monstrous and unviable productions are supposed to have been eliminated in favor of the well-constituted types now extant, did little more than revive Lucretian memories.


Views Read Edit View history. Pierre Jean Georges Cabanisthe most ardent materialist of the French Enlightenmenttook La Mettrie’s naturalism to its logical extreme in his Rapports du physique et du moral de l’homme The following translations form the Boerhaavian corpus deserve mention: Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article.

Julien Offray de La Mettrie – Wikipedie

The Voltaire Foundation Wellman, Kathleen Anne, La Mettrie: Thank You for Your Contribution! Part of a series on. In La Mettrie went to Leiden meftrie study with the reknowned philosopher and physician Hermann Boerhaave. By his works were burned even in Holland, and he was forced to flee.

The text is in French and the monograph-length introduction in English. His philosophical texts alone were published numerous times in collected form, but not since the eighteenth century. The only modern English trans.

La Mettrie, Julien Offray De

Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. It seems that the disease, knowing with whom it had to deal, was cunning enough to attack him first by the brain, in order to destroy him the more surely. In accord with such and approach to psychology, La Mettrie envisioned a broad expansion of the ordinary limits set to the usefulness of medicine.

In this protected situation he dee to write tracts on scientific and philosophical subjects that shocked the conventional-minded.