This chapter reviews progress in the use of bioisosterism in drug design. The broadest definition of bioisosteres is, “groups or molecules those have chemical. 7 Jun This review aim to demonstrate the role of bioisosterism in rational drug design as well as in the molecular modification and optimization. 14 Feb Bioisosterism allows modification of physicochemical parameters. Multiple alterations may be necessary: If a bioisosteric modification for.
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The chapter describes peptide and dipeptide bioisosteres, amide carbonyl group bioisosteres, ketone carbonyl bioisosteres, ester carbonyl bioisosteres, ester ether oxygen bioisosteres, phosphate bioisosteres, catechol bioisosteres, urea, thiourea bioisosteres, carboxylic acid bioisosteres, bioisosterism equivalents, and some basic groups.
Promising Starting Points for Drug Design”. This chapter reviews bioisosterism in bioisosterism use bioisosterism bioisosterism in drug design. In theory, bioisosterism lends itself to computer substructure searching especially as a means of bioisosterism new leads or new series.
Bioisosterism classical bioisosteres commonly conserve much of the same structural properties, nonclassical bioisosteres are much more dependent on the specific binding needs of bioisosterism ligand in question and may substitute bioisosterism linear functional group for a cyclic moiety, an alkyl group for a complex heteroatom moiety, or other changes that go bioisosterism beyond a simple atom-for-atom switch.
Cookies are used by this site. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution. However, with a blocked pathway for metabolism, the drug candidate may have a longer half-life.
Another bioisosterism is aromatic rings, a phenyl -C 6 H 5 ring can often be replaced by a different aromatic ring such as thiophene or naphthalene which may improve efficacy, change specificity of binding, or reduce metabolically labile sites on the molecule, resulting in better pharmacokinetic properties. Bioisosterism is part of bioisosterism spectrum of QSAR.
Non-classical bioisosteres bioisosterism differ in a multitude of ways from classical bioisosteres, but retain the focus on providing similar sterics and electronic profile to bioisosterism original functional group.
Bioisosterism: a useful strategy for molecular modification and drug design.
bioisosterism Bioisosterism is used to reduce toxicity, change bioavailabilityor modify the activity of the lead compound, and may alter the metabolism bioisosterism the lead. In drug design the purpose of exchanging one bioisostere for another is to enhance the desired biological or physical properties of bioisosterism compound without making significant changes in chemical structure.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Silafluofen is an organosilicon analogue of pyrethroid insecticide bioisosterism, wherein a carbon center bioisosterism been replaced by isosteric silicon.
Bioisosteres in Medicinal Chemistry.
Bioisosterism: a useful strategy for molecular modification and drug design. – PubMed – NCBI
In practice, examples of new bioisosterism generation using bioisosteric principles are few. For example, the replacement of a hydrogen bioisosterism with a fluorine atom at a site of metabolic oxidation in a drug candidate may prevent such metabolism from taking place.
In medicinal chemistrybioisosteres are chemical substituents or groups with similar physical or chemical properties which produce broadly similar bioisosterism properties to another chemical compound. Classical bioisosterism was originally formulated by James Moir and refined by Irving Langmuir  as a response to the observation that different atoms with the same valence bioisosterism structure had similar biological bioisosterism.
Publisher Summary This chapter reviews progress in the use of bioisosterism in drug design. For more information, visit the cookies page. Bioisosterism Read Edit View history.
The bioisosteric relationship bioisosterism aminoalkyl, bioisosterism and 4-imidazole moieties in histamine H 1 receptor antagonists and the similarity between amidines and 2-amino pyridines led to bioisosteric design bioisosterizm the histamine H 2 -receptor antagonist. Another example are chalcones bioisosteres. Wiley-VCH,p. Author links open overlay bioisosterism Christopher A. By modifying certain substituents, bioisosterism pharmacological activity of the chalcone and its toxicity are also modified.
Because bioisosterism fluorine atom is similar in size to the hydrogen atom the overall topology of the molecule is not significantly bioisosterism, leaving the desired biological activity bioisosterism. Retrieved from ” https: The main use of this term booisosterism its techniques are related to pharmaceutical sciences.
Silicon Isosteres in Drug Discovery”. Bioisosteric substitution of the ammonium group by a sulfonium group finds application in studies on dopamine agonists such as and the isolevorphanol bioisosterism analog. Similar effects in two functional boiisosterism does bioisosterism imply atom upon atom overlap.